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A third federal college-loan program is the Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students (PLUS) loan program. Unlike Stafford and Perkins loans, PLUS loans are made to the parents of the college student. After July 1, 2006, graduate and professional students may also borrow through the PLUS program for their own education.
The borrowing limit for a PLUS loan is not a fixed dollar amount. Rather, it is equal to the student's total cost of college, less any other sources of financial aid. For example, if it costs your child $12,000 a year to attend a state college for all expenses, and he or she receives a grant of $2,000, you can borrow up to $10,000 a year.
In order for parents to be eligible for a PLUS loan, their child must be an undergraduate student and attending college on at least a half-time basis. If you are uncertain about the half-time status, you should check with the records office of your child's college. In order for parents to be eligible for a PLUS loan, their child must be dependent on their financial assistance.
Whether parents or graduate students are the borrowers of a PLUS loan, the lender will check their credit report as part of the loan-approval process. In the event of bad credit, the applicants may still be able to obtain a PLUS loan if they receive a personal guaranty to repay the loan. In addition, borrowers must not be in default on any federal student financial-aid program.
The interest rate on PLUS loans used to be set every July 1 for the subsequent year. However, for loans disbursed after July 1, 2017 and before July 1, 2018, the interest rate is fixed at 7.0% for FDSLP loans. The loan repayment period for a PLUS loan begins the day after the final loan is disbursed.
PLUS loans can now only be administered through the Federal Direct Student Loan Program (FDSLP). Fees on a PLUS loan are 4.264 percent of the loan amount for loans disbursed after October 1, 2017 and before October 1, 2018.
In addition to Stafford, Perkins, and PLUS loans, there are a variety of federally guaranteed loan programs for specialized education. These loan programs include Sallie Mae loans for graduate business, law, medicine, and vocational programs. Sallie Mae, a government sponsored enterprise, also offers loans to parents to help pay for costs of primary and secondary education.
Sometimes, borrowing from the loan programs described above doesn't cover all the costs of college. Some parents turn to home equity loans to raise money for their child's college expenses. Or they may have set aside funds in a college savings plan or education IRA. If you don't have such resources, you may wish to consult a private lender.